Curated by Luca Molinari
OPENING: Tuesday 11th November 2014 | 6.30 pm | Free Entry
EXHIBITION: 12th November – 2nd December 2014 | from 11 am to 2 pm | by appointment. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
“Landscape architecture is an atypical discipline. Its rhythms are slow compared to the increasingly rapid ones of constructed architecture. Today’s landscape architect no longer works on ‘remains’, as during the period of the economic boom, but his work is increasingly necessary as the premise for processes of territorial transformation and management, with the view of more widespread regeneration.”
These are the words of Andreas Kipar, considered the founder of landscape architecture in Italy, who defines the profound commitment of LAND – Landscape Architecture Nature Development. LAND was founded in 1990 by Andreas Kipar with Giovanni Sala and is a group of professionals dedicated to ecological planning of the territory, proposing and experimenting a new model of development – one that is not only an architectural and urban development, but also a political and economic one.
“LAND sees a multi-disciplinary nature as an opportunity to approach a Landscape Project with the same attention to aesthetic and perceptive aspects as to ecological ones, in line with the most advanced European trends,” explains Giovanni Sala.
From 12th November to the 2nd December LAND, whose four huge letters represent the group’s philosophy, comes to SpazioFMGperl’architettura, as a through line for the monographic exhibition LAND 25 Omaggio al paesaggio Italiano, curated by Luca Molinari, which presents 25 years of research dedicated to Italy’s landscape.
This is not a simple retrospective, but a journey through an ideal country that knows how to regenerate through ecological planning. It does it by restoring dignity, through re-evaluation and reclamation, of degraded areas like Marghera; creating green ‘lungs’ in large cities like Rome and Milan and valorising symbolic areas like Lampedusa.
“As a result of the work of Andreas Kipar and LAND the theme of the landscape, its planning and protection, has become central to Italian cultural debate. The exhibition at SpazioFMGperl’Architettura highlights all-round research into quality and sustainability, together with the ability to develop and valorise the potential already present in the territory that distinguishes the studio’s projects on every scale, from urban to regional to national,” explains Luca Molinari.
LAND 25 Omaggio al paesaggio Italiano is also an opportunity to launch a new challenge: the Landscape Project. A method of approach in which the landscape, having lost the ornamental-passive connotation that a compensatory logic attributed to it, becomes a central element in the territory development policies, with far-sighted, innovative actions for natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas, dealing with landscapes that can be considered exceptional, with those that are part of everyday life and, even more importantly, with those that are neglected. It is a project that presents itself, as never before, as an engine of development for a sustainable economy that not only respects the special features of the Italian landscape, but also exalts it, promotes it and highlights it.
THE PROJECTS ON DISPLAY
Milan, Raggi Verdi (Green Rays)
This project defines and promotes a network of slow mobility, as a new green nerve system of the entire Milanese urban framework.
The eight rays, one for each area of the city, start from the centre and move outwards to form a ring, an urban greenbelt that is the home of a future cycle and pedestrian path around 72 km long. Starting from an analysis of the potential already present in the city, a “Green Ray” trajectory was identified that involves a series of nearby, collateral realities along its route, which take part in the processes and discover a renewed identity.
Lampedusa, requalification and valorisation of the island’s landscape
The project for the requalification and valorisation of Lampedusa outlines a territorial strategy that develops the wealth of the landscape across the whole island. The project particularly concentrates on urbanised areas, as it is evident that they have no overall plan or urban and landscape structure.
The Bosco degli 8000 e il Teatro del Respiro project is particularly important. This is a symbolic project in which 8000 trees bear witness to the extraordinary test that the inhabitants of Lampedusa have faced in dealing with the problem of migration, a peaceful place overlooking the Cala Creta that is home to the teatro del respiro (the theatre of breath), a simple stone platform facing the Gregale wind and surrounded by the silent Pineta Grande.
Roma, Arcipelago Verde
The Arcipelago Verde (Green Archipelago) aims to become a new vision for open spaces in the capital, focussing on combining the central areas with existing parks and valorising the greatest heritage of the Roman landscape, the Agro Romano. This is a vast area around Rome of over 212,000 hectares that today has no relationship with the city and could become a real laboratory of innovation for the capital.
The model of the Green Archipelago not only protects the environment but also has a strategy whose aim is to activate the territory. New spaces for socialising, recognisable suburbs, the creation of public spaces linked by a network of ‘slow’ connections, and the promotion and valorisation of urban and regional parks across the outskirts of Rome are just some of the elements on which this system of green spaces along the Raccordo Anulare, Rome’s ring road, are based. It is an archipelago of areas destined to form a large new green crown around the city.
The Barolo Langhe, Valorisation of the Landscape
The project to valorise the Langa landscape is promoted by the Piedmont Region and the Union of municipalities of the “Langa and Barolo Hills” and is part of the actions to re-evaluate the area involved in the “Wine producing areas of the Langhe Roero and Monferrato” UNESCO candidature, confirmed in June 2014. It is made up of an integrated network of projects over 8 km along the road from Alba to Barolo.
The aim of the project is to integrate critical features, made up of industrial structures, into the landscape of the Langhe, one that alternates the hamlets, vineyards and woods that make it particularly atmospheric.
The project was inspired by three elements: colour, to dematerialise the volume of buildings, the use of autochthonous vegetation to recreate the links between settlements and the surrounding areas and the use of innovative materials for walls and coverings. The planning of authentic green architecture, in particular, aims to create green infrastructures that give a multi-functional appearance to the landscape and also help its diversification.
Porto Marghera (Venezia), Green Tree Strategy
The process of interpreting the change in Porto Marghera is created through a shift from the static nature of the industrial model to a new paradigm that aims to ‘multiply the proposals’ of settlements, through the addition of real green infrastructures. The aim is to increase the availability of spaces through unexpected connections that link the consolidated city to its waterfront.